Liability Concentration and Systemic Losses in Financial Networks
Operations Research, Forthcoming
33 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2016
Date Written: May 29, 2015
The objective of this study is to develop a majorization-based tool to compare financial networks with a focus on the implications of liability concentration. Specifically, we quantify liability concentration by applying the majorization order to the liability matrix that captures the interconnectedness of banks in a financial network. We develop notions of balancing and unbalancing networks to bring out the qualitatively different implications of liability concentration on the system's loss profile. We illustrate how to identify networks that are balancing or unbalancing, and make connections to interbank structures identified by empirical research, such as perfect and imperfect tiering schemes. An empirical analysis of the network formed by eight representative European countries' banking sectors suggests that the system is either unbalancing or close to it, persistently over time. This empirical finding, along with the majorization results, supports regulatory policies aiming at limiting the size of gross exposures to individual counter parties.
Keywords: systemic risk, financial network, interbank liabilities, majorization
JEL Classification: C63, G21, G33, G13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation