Monopsonistic Competition, Low-Wage Labour Markets, and Minimum Wages: An Empirical Analysis

34 Pages Posted: 7 Jun 2016

See all articles by Ronald Bachmann

Ronald Bachmann

Rhine-Westphalia Institute for Economic Research (RWI-Essen)

Hanna Frings

Rhine-Westphalia Institute for Economic Research (RWI-Essen)

Abstract

This paper investigates the degree of monopsony power of employers in different industries against the background of a statutory minimum wage introduction in Germany in January 2015. A semi-structural estimation approach is employed based on a dynamic model of monopsonistic competition. The empirical analysis relies on a linked employer-employee data set which allows to control for heterogeneity both on the worker and on the firm side. The results show important differences in monopsonistic competition among low-wage industries: While retailing, the hotel and restaurant industry as well as agriculture can be described as monopsonistic labour markets, this is not true for other services and manufacturing of food products. From a policy point of view, the introduction of a uniform minimum wage may therefore lead to different employment reactions in industries with a similar minimum wage bite.

Keywords: monopsony, minimum wage, low-wage industries, labor-supply elasticities, Germany

JEL Classification: J42, J31, J38

Suggested Citation

Bachmann, Ronald and Frings, Hanna, Monopsonistic Competition, Low-Wage Labour Markets, and Minimum Wages: An Empirical Analysis. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9962. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2790000

Ronald Bachmann (Contact Author)

Rhine-Westphalia Institute for Economic Research (RWI-Essen) ( email )

Hohenzollernstr. 1-3
Essen, 45128
Germany

Hanna Frings

Rhine-Westphalia Institute for Economic Research (RWI-Essen) ( email )

Hohenzollernstr. 1-3
Essen, 45128
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.rwi-essen.de/hanna-frings

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