Study on the Properties of Carbon Reinforced Unsaturated Thermoset Polyester Resin Nanocomposites

11 Pages Posted: 10 Jul 2017

See all articles by A. Motawie

A. Motawie

Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute (EPRI) - Petrochemical Department

N. Mansour

Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute (EPRI) - Petrochemical Department

N. Kandile

Ain Shams University - Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science

S. Abd-El-Messieh

National Research Centre - Microwave Physics and Dielectrics Department

S. El-Mesallamy

Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute (EPRI) - Petrochemical Department

E. Sadek

Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute (EPRI) - Petrochemical Department

Date Written: January 4, 2016

Abstract

The recent emergence of nano science and nano technology has added another dimension to the staple of the modern composite technology. In this study, the composites were prepared from unsaturated polyester with excess of ethylene glycol UPER loaded with various contents of multi-wall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) and carbon black nanoparticles (CNP) at different wt %. Transmission electron microscope TEM of MWCNT and CNP indicated the dimension of the nano filler. The samples have been examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique, Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, mechanical test, electrical test, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). FTIR spectra confirmed the physical and chemical bond formations between nanofiller and matrix. The mechanical properties such as tensile strength, elongation at break, and hardness for MWCNT and CNP nanocomposites were investigated at room temperature. The results showed that tensile strength and hardness shore D were improved with MWCNT than CNP filler and reached their optimum values when loaded with concentration 0.04% for both MWCNT and CNP. Electrical conductivity of nanocomposites with MWCNT was obtained to be higher than those with CNP at the same filler content due to the ability of MWCNT to forms a three-dimensional conductive network within the matrix, hence electron can tunnel from one filler to another and in doing so, it overcomes the high resistance offered by insulating polymer matrix. The thermal stability of UPER/MWCNT and CNP was enhanced compared to that of unfilled UPER.

Keywords: multi wallcarbon nanotubes; carbon nanoparticles; unsaturated polyester; nanocomposites; mechanical properties; dielectric properties; thermal properties

Suggested Citation

Motawie, A. and Mansour, N. and Kandile, N. and Abd-El-Messieh, S. and El-Mesallamy, S. and Sadek, E., Study on the Properties of Carbon Reinforced Unsaturated Thermoset Polyester Resin Nanocomposites (January 4, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2790215 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2790215

A. Motawie (Contact Author)

Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute (EPRI) - Petrochemical Department

1 Ahmed El Zomor St.
Nasr, Cairo 11727
Egypt

N. Mansour

Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute (EPRI) - Petrochemical Department

1 Ahmed El Zomor St.
Nasr, Cairo 11727
Egypt

N. Kandile

Ain Shams University - Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science

Cairo
Egypt

S. Abd-El-Messieh

National Research Centre - Microwave Physics and Dielectrics Department

Dokki
Cairo
Egypt

S. El-Mesallamy

Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute (EPRI) - Petrochemical Department

1 Ahmed El Zomor St.
Nasr, Cairo 11727
Egypt

E. Sadek

Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute (EPRI) - Petrochemical Department

1 Ahmed El Zomor St.
Nasr, Cairo 11727
Egypt

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