하도급거래의 공정성 제고를 위한 제도개선과제 (Policy Issues for Fair Subcontract)
KDI Policy Study 2012-09, 1-78
93 Pages Posted: 9 Jun 2016
Date Written: December 31, 2012
Korean Abstract: 본 연구에서는 현재 하도급거래의 개선과 관련하여 시행되고 있거나 추진 중에 있는 주요 정책들의 적절성 및 실효성을 이론적⋅실증적으로 검토하고 이를 바탕으로 정책의 개선방안을 제안하고 있다.
현재 하도급거래 개선과 관련하여 시행 중이거나 논의되고 있는 주요 정 책들은 불공정거래 관행 개선정책과 수급사업자 경쟁력 제고정책으로 나눌 수 있다. 불공정거래 관행 개선정책은 경제주체의 사유재산권을 보호하고 시장실패를 교정한다는 측면에서 정부의 역할에 부합하며, 수급사업자 경쟁력 제고정책은 궁극적으로 시장경제의 효율성을 강화하고 사회 양극화를 완화한다는 점에서 시장실패의 교정 및 소득과 부의 재분배라는 정부의 역할에 부합한다고 할 수 있다. 즉, 현재 시행 중이거나 논의되고 있는 하도급거래 개선과 관련한 정부의 정책들은 상당 부분 적절성을 확보하고 있다고 할 수 있다. (이하 생략).
English Abstract: According to recent business performance analyses in Korea, the difference of managerial performance between small upstream firms and large downstream firms has expanded since 1990s. The polarization problem between upstream firms and downstream firms has become one of the major issues in these days in Korea, as the problem may deepen the polarization problem of labor market which is closely related to excessive educational competition. Also, in the long term, the polarization problem possibly aggravates a low fertility ratio in Korea as it may increase educational expenses for a child.
For these reasons, Korean government has tried to fix the problem between upstream and downstream firms by various policy methods. However, there are still strong controversies over the justification of government intervention on the contracts between private parties. There also exists skeptical view about the effectiveness of the government policies.
In this research, we study the main characteristics of subcontracting in Korea and analyze the justifiability and effectiveness of the government policies aiming at addressing the polarization problem between small upstream firms and large downstream firms. First, we conduct an empirical study to examine the main characteristics of the polarization problem using the Korea Enterprise Data (KED) merged with our survey data on firms who are involved in subcontracting with large downstream firms. In the study, we try to figure out which factors of the relationship mitigate or exacerbate the polarization problems.
Secondly, we review major policies related to the problem and examine the justifiability and effectiveness of those policies. We show that the current (or currently being prepared) government policies are appropriate from the viewpoint of traditional government roles as long as they are well oriented along with the purpose of the policies. But when it comes to the effectiveness aspect, we find that the current policies have severe problems in their effectiveness mainly because those policies do not fully reflect a remarkable gap between small upstream firms and large downstream firms in the trade position.
Finally, we consider alternative ways to improve the effectiveness of government policies and make several short- and long-term policy suggestions to induce fair subcontracting.
Note: Downloadable document is in Korean.
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