Demulsification of Water-In-Crude Oil Emulsion via Conventional Heating and Microwave Heating Technology in Their Optimum Conditions

Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, Vol. 10(4), Pages: 66-74, February 2016

9 Pages Posted: 10 Jul 2017

See all articles by Sweeta Akbari

Sweeta Akbari

University Malaysia Pahang - Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering

Abdurahman Nour

University Malaysia Pahang - Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering

Saidatul Jamari

University Malaysia Pahang - Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering

Abdul Rajabi

Jowzjan University - Faculty of Chemical Engineering Technology

Date Written: February 8, 2016

Abstract

A serious problem during the production and refinery process of crude oil is the existence of emulsified water in the crude oil. From the economic and environmental points of view, water must be removed from the crude oil before going for further processing. In the last two decades, several demulsification techniques have been applied by many researchers. Since, the best method is based on the best water separation efficiency. Therefore, a comparative study between microwave heating and conventional heating demulsification in their optimum conditions has been carried out. Both methods were performed with the assistance of chemical demulsifier. Through the experimental results, it was found that comparing to the conventional heating; microwave dielectric heating earned the best separation efficiency (100 %) in a short time. The optimum condition in microwave dielectric heating was achieved at the irradiation time (3 minutes), microwave power (360 watt), and 2.50 vol. % demulsifier concentration. However, in conventional heating using “hotplate” the highest separation efficiency (96 %) was obtained at 160 ºC, and heating time 5 minutes.

Keywords: Water-In-Crude Oil Emulsions, Microwave Demulsification, Conventional Demulsification, Optimization, RSM

Suggested Citation

Akbari, Sweeta and Nour, Abdurahman and Jamari, Saidatul and Rajabi, Abdul, Demulsification of Water-In-Crude Oil Emulsion via Conventional Heating and Microwave Heating Technology in Their Optimum Conditions (February 8, 2016). Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, Vol. 10(4), Pages: 66-74, February 2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2792246

Sweeta Akbari

University Malaysia Pahang - Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering

Lebuhraya Tun Razak
Gambang, Pahang 26300
Malaysia

Abdurahman Nour (Contact Author)

University Malaysia Pahang - Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering ( email )

Lebuhraya Tun Razak
Gambang, Pahang 26300
Malaysia

Saidatul Jamari

University Malaysia Pahang - Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering

Lebuhraya Tun Razak
Gambang, Pahang 26300
Malaysia

Abdul Rajabi

Jowzjan University - Faculty of Chemical Engineering Technology

Jowzjan
Afghanistan

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