The Effect of Local Area Crime on Mental Health

40 Pages Posted: 10 Jun 2016  

Christian Dustmann

University College London; Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Francesco Fasani

Spanish Council for Scientific Research (CSIC) - Insitute for Economic Analysis

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: June 2016

Abstract

This study analyses the effect of local crime rates on residents' mental health. Using longitudinal information on individuals' mental well‐being, we address the problem of sorting and endogenous moving behaviour. We find that crime causes considerable mental distress for residents, primarily driven by property crime. Effects are stronger for females, and mainly related to depression and anxiety. The distress caused by one SD increase in local crime is 2–4 times larger than that caused by a 1 SD decrease in local employment, and about one‐seventh of the short‐term impact of the 7 July 2005 London Bombings.

Suggested Citation

Dustmann, Christian and Fasani, Francesco, The Effect of Local Area Crime on Mental Health (June 2016). The Economic Journal, Vol. 126, Issue 593, pp. 978-1017, 2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2793587 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecoj.12205

Christian Dustmann (Contact Author)

University College London ( email )

Gower Street
London WC1E 6BT, WC1E 6BT
United Kingdom
+44 20 7679 5832 (Phone)
+44 20 7916 2775 (Fax)

Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS)

7 Ridgmount Street
London, WC1E 7AE
United Kingdom

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom

Francesco Fasani

Spanish Council for Scientific Research (CSIC) - Insitute for Economic Analysis ( email )

Campus de la UAB
Bellaterra, Barcelona 08193
Spain

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