Determinants of Female Sterilization in Brazil, 2001–2007

25 Pages Posted: 11 Jun 2016

See all articles by Ernesto Amaral

Ernesto Amaral

RAND Corporation

Joseph E. Potter

University of Texas at Austin - Population Research Center

Date Written: February 12, 2015


This study aims to investigate the determinants of female sterilization in Brazil. The analysis is innovative because it adds the time of exposure to the risk of sterilization into survival models. The models control for postpartum duration, age at delivery, parity at delivery, place of delivery, region of residence at the time of interview, color/race, and years of schooling at the time of interview. Data is from the 2006 Brazilian National Survey on Demography and Health of Children and Women (PNDS). The strongest probability that sterilization might occur was observed among women who gave birth at private hospitals and received support from health insurance companies at childbirth. The findings suggest years of schooling do not predict the risk of sterilization. The higher chances of getting sterilized among black women are specific to the public sector at higher-order postpartum duration (interval sterilization).

Keywords: Contraceptive Agents, Female, Sterilization, Reproductive Health, Brazil

Suggested Citation

Amaral, Ernesto and Potter, Joseph E., Determinants of Female Sterilization in Brazil, 2001–2007 (February 12, 2015). RAND Working Paper Series WR- 1093. Available at SSRN: or

Ernesto Amaral

RAND Corporation ( email )

1776 Main Street
P.O. Box 2138
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
United States

Joseph E. Potter (Contact Author)

University of Texas at Austin - Population Research Center ( email )

University of Texas
Austin, TX 78712
United States

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