Download this Paper Open PDF in Browser

The Karnak Temple and the Motion of the Earth's Axis

3 Pages Posted: 15 Jun 2016  

Amelia Carolina Sparavigna

Polytechnic University of Turin

Date Written: June 13, 2016


The Karnak Temple complex comprises a vast mix of temples, chapels and other buildings. Its construction began during the reign of Senusret I in the Middle Kingdom and continued during the Ptolemaic period. The temple was the main place of worship the Amun-Ra, the Sun God. Not surprisingly his temple has its axis aligned along the sunrise azimuth on the winter solstice. Here we will discuss how the motion of the Earth’s axis has altered, in four thousand years, this alignment of half a degree.

Keywords: Archaeoastronomy, Satellite Images, Precession, Ancient Egypt.

Suggested Citation

Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina, The Karnak Temple and the Motion of the Earth's Axis (June 13, 2016). Available at SSRN:

Amelia Carolina Sparavigna (Contact Author)

Polytechnic University of Turin ( email )

Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, 24
Torino, Torino 10129

Paper statistics

Abstract Views