The Jurisprudence of Paper Clips

19 Green Bag 2d 249 (2016)

7 Pages Posted: 16 Jun 2016 Last revised: 3 Jun 2018

See all articles by Robert A. James

Robert A. James

Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP

Date Written: June 14, 2016


To transfer rights in a check or promissory note, the holder may sign (or "indorse") the document. If there is no space for another signature, one may use an "allonge" -- a second piece of paper that is "attached" to the first piece. 33 years ago, the author surveyed the court cases that considered how firmly the pieces of paper must be attached to each other -- requiring judges to evaluate paper clips, staples and other instances of humble technology. His decades-old draft article is newly published, both for its content and as a spur to other authors to unearth and reveal their own incomplete efforts.

Keywords: allonge, negotiable instruments, legal scholarship

JEL Classification: G21, K12

Suggested Citation

James, Robert A., The Jurisprudence of Paper Clips (June 14, 2016). 19 Green Bag 2d 249 (2016), Available at SSRN:

Robert A. James (Contact Author)

Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP ( email )

Four Embarcadero Center, 22nd Floor
San Francisco, CA 94111
United States


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