Does Family Planning Increase Children’s Opportunities? Evidence from the War on Poverty and the Early Years of Title X

42 Pages Posted: 19 Jun 2016

See all articles by Martha J. Bailey

Martha J. Bailey

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Department of Economics

Olga Malkova

University of Kentucky - Department of Economics

Zoe McLaren

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - School of Public Health

Date Written: June 1, 2016

Abstract

This paper examines the relationship between parents’ access to family planning and the economic resources of the average child. Using the county-level introduction of U.S. family planning programs between 1964 and 1973, we find that children born after programs began had 2.5% higher household incomes. They were also 7% less likely to live in poverty and 11% less likely to live in households receiving public assistance. Even with extreme assumptions about selection, these estimates are large enough to imply that family planning programs directly increased children’s resources, including increases in mothers’ paid work and increased childbearing within marriage.

Suggested Citation

Bailey, Martha Jane and Malkova, Olga and McLaren, Zoe, Does Family Planning Increase Children’s Opportunities? Evidence from the War on Poverty and the Early Years of Title X (June 1, 2016). US Census Bureau Center for Economic Studies Paper No. CES-WP-16-29, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2796793 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2796793

Martha Jane Bailey (Contact Author)

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Department of Economics ( email )

611 Tappan Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1220
United States

Olga Malkova

University of Kentucky - Department of Economics ( email )

Lexington, KY 40506
United States

Zoe McLaren

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - School of Public Health ( email )

1415 Washington Heights
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2029
United States

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