Do Speculative Traders Anticipate or Follow USD/EUR Exchange Rate Movements? New Evidence on the Efficiency of the Eur Currency Futures Market

22 Pages Posted: 21 Jun 2016

Date Written: 2015

Abstract

We address the question of whether various types of speculative investor correctly anticipate future USD/EUR currency movements or whether they tend rather to react to past exchange rate movements. Throughout the analysis, we differentiate between large and small traders, and an upper bound of total speculation. To account for the large number of testable hypotheses, we contrast results obtained from predictive regressions based on individual significance tests with those based on either controlling the false discovery rate (FDR) or the family-wide error rate (FER). While the statistical evidence in favor of a causal relationship from speculative positions to exchange rate movements, and therefore an inefficient Euro futures market, largely collapses if we account for multiple testing, such a pattern does not emerge in the other direction. In addition, findings based on a contemporaneous analysis point to some notable differences between small and large speculators, and a non-linear relationship between USD/EUR movements and changes in the open interest position of large speculators.

Keywords: speculative positions, currency futures, exchange rates, predictive regressions, multiple testing

JEL Classification: C32, F31, G15

Suggested Citation

Hossfeld, Oliver and Röthig, Andreas, Do Speculative Traders Anticipate or Follow USD/EUR Exchange Rate Movements? New Evidence on the Efficiency of the Eur Currency Futures Market (2015). Bundesbank Discussion Paper No. 41/2015. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2797066

Oliver Hossfeld

Deutsche Bundesbank ( email )

Wilhelm-Epstein-Str. 14
Frankfurt/Main, 60431
Germany

Andreas Röthig (Contact Author)

Deutsche Bundesbank ( email )

Wilhelm-Epstein-Str. 14
Frankfurt/Main, 60431
Germany

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