Waking Up from the American Dream: On the Experience of Young Americans During the Housing Boom of the 2000s

46 Pages Posted: 19 Jun 2016

See all articles by Luc Laeven

Luc Laeven

European Central Bank (ECB); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Alexander A. Popov

European Central Bank (ECB)

Date Written: May 2016

Abstract

We exploit regional variations in house price fluctuations in the United States during the early to mid-2000s to study the impact of the housing boom on young Americans' choices related to home ownership, household formation, and fertility. We also introduce a novel instrument for changes in house prices based on the predetermined industrial structure of the local economy. We find that in MSAs which experienced large increases in house prices between 2001 and 2006, the youngest households were substantially less likely to purchase residential property, to be married, and to have a child, both in 2006 and in 2011.

Keywords: credit constraints, house prices, home ownership, household formation, fertility

JEL Classification: E32, G21, J10, R21

Suggested Citation

Laeven, Luc A. and Popov, Alexander A., Waking Up from the American Dream: On the Experience of Young Americans During the Housing Boom of the 2000s (May 2016). ECB Working Paper No. 1910, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2797174

Luc A. Laeven (Contact Author)

European Central Bank (ECB) ( email )

Sonnemannstrasse 22
Frankfurt am Main, 60314
Germany

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Alexander A. Popov

European Central Bank (ECB) ( email )

Sonnemannstrasse 22
Frankfurt am Main, 60314
Germany

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