Characterization of Fertility Levels in Brazil, 1970-2010

26 Pages Posted: 23 Jun 2016

See all articles by Ernesto Amaral

Ernesto Amaral

RAND Corporation

Mariana Almeida

Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil

guilherme Gonçalves

Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG)

Date Written: February 18, 2016

Abstract

We analyze the 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000, and 2010 Brazilian Demographic Censuses, in order to investigate the associated factors with a woman having had a live birth during the year prior to each census. We estimated logistic regression models for women aged 10-49 years. As independent variables, we selected region of residence, rural/urban location, presence of electricity, color/race, religion, marital status, labor market participation, time of residence in the municipality, information about whether they had a stillbirth, age, education, and parity. Our findings confirm that the probability a woman had a child is higher in the North and Northeast regions, as well as in households without electricity. Women that have a greater chance of having had a child are black/brown, Catholic, married, non-labor market participants, short-term migrants, experienced a stillbirth, between 20-29 years of age, have less education, and have higher parity. Patterns have been changing throughout time, thus posing questions for further analyses.

Keywords: fertility decline, family planning program, Brazil

Suggested Citation

Amaral, Ernesto and Almeida, Mariana and Gonçalves, guilherme, Characterization of Fertility Levels in Brazil, 1970-2010 (February 18, 2016). RAND Working Paper Series WR-1091. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2798918 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2798918

Ernesto Amaral (Contact Author)

RAND Corporation ( email )

1776 Main Street
P.O. Box 2138
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
United States

Mariana Almeida

Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil ( email )

Brasilia
Brazil

Guilherme Gonçalves

Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) ( email )

Av. Antonio Carlos, 6627
Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais 31270-901
Brazil

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