2012년 국회법 개정의 효과 연구 (A Study on the Effect of the 2012 National Assembly Act Amendment)

177 Pages Posted: 23 Jun 2016

See all articles by Jaehoon Kim

Jaehoon Kim

Korea Development Institute (KDI)

Sangsin Kim

Korea Development Institute (KDI)

Date Written: December 31, 2015

Abstract

Korean Abstract: 의회는 헌법에 따라 법과 제도를 제정하고 정비하며, 국회법은 이러한 의회의 입법과정을 규율하는 대표적인 법으로서 법안의 통과와 지연 등의 입법성과에 영향을 미치게 된다. 2004년 대통령 탄핵, 2008년 한⋅미 자유무역협정 처리 등의 과정에서 한국 국회의 의회폭력이 국내외 언론에 대대적으로 보도되었으며, 원내 정당 간 법안처리 과정에서 집권여당 출신 국회의장의 직권상정과 이에 대항하는 야당의 물리적 충돌이 빈번 히 발생해 왔다.

18대 국회에서는 107개 안건이 의장의 직권으로 상정되었으며, 야당은 법안처리 저지를 위해 물리력을 행사하는 등 소위 동물국회의 행태가 정점에 달하였다. 이에 2012년 5월 다수의 횡포와 물리적 충돌을 막고, 충분한 의사개진과 합법적 토론을 통해 소수의 권익을 보호하고자 소위 국회 선진화법으로 불리는 국회법 개정안이 제안되어 국회 본회의를 통과하였다. (이하 생략)

English Abstract: The National Assembly Act Amendment, also known as the ‘National Assembly Advancement Act,’ was enacted in 2012 during the 18th National Assembly with the aim of preventing floor violence from disrupting the legislative process. This study will focus on the effects of the amended Act and for this, it first develops a simple theoretical model to reveal what effects would result from the new systems adopted by the Act; particularly, the agenda coordination committee under the standing committee. With the launch of the agenda coordination committee, the 19th National Assembly has witnessed opposition party committee members undertake the role of de facto gatekeeper — the role of standing committee chairperson, which nullifies the allocation of chair position of the standing committees from the ruling and opposition parties.

The following describes four hypotheses deduced from the theoretical analysis: 1) legislation will take a longer period of time in the 19th National Assembly than in the 18th; 2) standing committee chairpersons from the ruling party tend to process bills more swiftly than those from the opposition parties in the 18th National Assembly, a distinction that is non-existent in the 19th; 3) the 19th National Assembly has more co-sponsorship activities (members from a party choose to cosponsor and sign legislations proposed by different party members); and 4) more bills on the same issue are submitted to the 19th National Assembly than to the 18th. (The rest is omitted)

Note: Downloadable document is in Korean.

Suggested Citation

Kim, Jaehoon and Kim, Sangsin, 2012년 국회법 개정의 효과 연구 (A Study on the Effect of the 2012 National Assembly Act Amendment) (December 31, 2015). KDI Research Monograph Paper No. 2015-03, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2799088

Jaehoon Kim (Contact Author)

Korea Development Institute (KDI) ( email )

263 Namsejong-ro
Sejong-si 30149
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Sangsin Kim

Korea Development Institute (KDI) ( email )

263 Namsejong-ro
Sejong-si 30149
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

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