Limit Order Book as a Market for Liquidity

67 Pages Posted: 11 Sep 2001

See all articles by Thierry Foucault

Thierry Foucault

HEC Paris - Finance Department

Ohad Kadan

Washington University in St. Louis - John M. Olin Business School

Eugene Kandel

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: August 2001

Abstract

We develop a dynamic model of an order-driven market populated by discretionary liquidity traders. These traders must trade, yet can choose the type of order and are fully strategic in their decision. Traders differ in their impatience: less patient traders demand liquidity, more patient traders provide it. Three equilibrium patterns are obtained, and these patterns are determined by three parameters: the degree of impatience on the part of patient traders, which we model as the cost of execution delay in providing liquidity; their proportion in the population, which determines the degree of competition among the liquidity providers; and the tick size, which is the cost of the minimal price improvement. Despite its simplicity, the model generates a rich set of empirical predictions on the relation between market parameters, time to execution, and spreads.

Keywords: Limit order markets, market orders, liquidity

JEL Classification: G10, G14, G24

Suggested Citation

Foucault, Thierry and Kadan, Ohad and Kandel, Eugene, Limit Order Book as a Market for Liquidity (August 2001). CEPR Discussion Paper No. 2889. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=279911

Thierry Foucault (Contact Author)

HEC Paris - Finance Department ( email )

1 rue de la Liberation
Jouy-en-Josas Cedex, 78351
France
(33)139679569 (Phone)
(33)139677085 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://thierryfoucault.com/

Ohad Kadan

Washington University in St. Louis - John M. Olin Business School ( email )

One Brookings Drive
Campus Box 1133
St. Louis, MO 63130-4899
United States

Eugene Kandel

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics ( email )

School of Business
Mount Scopus
Jerusalem 91905
Israel
+972 2 588 3137 (Phone)
+972 2 581 6071 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

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