Effects of Credit Supply on Unemployment and Inequality
25 Pages Posted: 22 Jun 2016 Last revised: 5 Jan 2019
Date Written: 2016-06-15
The Great Recession, which was preceded by the financial crisis, resulted in higher unemployment and inequality. We propose a simple model where firms producing varieties face labor-market frictions and credit constraints. In the model, tighter credit leads to lower output, lower number of vacancies, and higher directed-search unemployment. Where workers are more productive at higher levels of firm output, lower credit supply increases firm capital intensity, raises inequality by increasing the rental of capital relative to the wage, and has an ambiguous effect on welfare. At initial high levels of labor share in total costs tighter credit lowers welfare. This pattern reverses during an expansionary phase caused by higher credit availability.
Keywords: Monopolistic competition, functional inequality, search unemployment, credit constraints.
JEL Classification: D43, E24, G21, J31, J64, L11
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