The Mitigating Effect of Bank Financing on Shareholder Value and Firm Policies Following Rating Downgrades
45 Pages Posted: 22 Jun 2016 Last revised: 27 Nov 2017
Date Written: December 13, 2016
We document that shareholders of high-yield firms are less sensitive to credit rating downgrades the higher the proportion of bank financing in the firm. This positive effect is linked to firm behavior. In the year after the downgrade, high-yield firms with large bank debt ratios i) need to reduce their leverage less, and ii) display higher capital expenditures, compared to peers that rely relatively more on other sources of debt. Bank financing thus helps alleviate the adverse effects of rating downgrades on shareholders and firms in the high-yield segment. As such, one may view our findings as new evidence of the “specialness” and flexibility of bank debt.
Keywords: Credit rating agencies; Market reaction; Debt structure
JEL Classification: G14; G24; G32
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