Impact of Cadmium Polluted Groundwater on Human Health: Winder, Balochistan

8 Pages Posted: 24 Jun 2016

See all articles by Farkhunda Burke

Farkhunda Burke

University of Karachi

Salma Hamza

Bahria University

Shahid Naseem

University of Karachi

Syed Nawaz Ul-Huda

Government of Pakistan

Muhammad Azam

Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science & Technology

Imran Khan

University of Karachi

Date Written: June 22, 2016

Abstract

A number of serious studies have been conducted to decipher relationships between geological environment, potable/drinking water, and diseases as they were considered to have triggered suffering due to diseases among people. Chronic anemia can be caused by prolonged exposure to drinking water contaminated with cadmium (Cd). Under such circumstances, accumulation of Cd is manifested in the kidney, resulting in cancer and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study is to present the impact of Cd-contaminated drinking water on human health among the residents of villages in Winder. Collection of about 48 groundwater samples at an average distance of 1 to 2 km between the sampling sites has enabled a sufficient geological representation of distribution of minerals and elements in the samples. Concentration and comparison of Cd in the study area sample sites reveal highest values (24.2-30.0 ppb) in the northeastern and southeastern sectors, covering parts of all three geological areas of Bela Ophiolite of Cretaceous age. Conducted questionnaire surveys provided relevance between cause and effect nature of Cd bearing diseases among which kidney, joint, and night blindness are more prominent. Due to this phenomena, toxic risk of Cd in drinking water was high as per calculated health hazard indices. The use of this water by the villagers may cause health problems and disorders among the inhabitants of the area.

Keywords: cadmium, groundwater, human health, kidney problem, medical geography and geology

Suggested Citation

Burke, Farkhunda and Hamza, Salma and Naseem, Shahid and Ul-Huda, Syed Nawaz and Azam, Muhammad and Khan, Imran, Impact of Cadmium Polluted Groundwater on Human Health: Winder, Balochistan (June 22, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2799397 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2799397

Farkhunda Burke

University of Karachi

University Road
Karachi, PA Sindh 75270
Pakistan

Salma Hamza

Bahria University ( email )

Pakistan

Shahid Naseem

University of Karachi ( email )

University Road
Karachi, PA Sindh 75270
Pakistan

Syed Nawaz Ul-Huda (Contact Author)

Government of Pakistan ( email )

Pakistan

Muhammad Azam

Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science & Technology

Sector G-7/1, Main University Road
Gulshan-e-Iqbal
Karachi, Sindh 744000
Pakistan

Imran Khan

University of Karachi

University Road
Karachi, PA Sindh 75270
Pakistan

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