Fit and Frustration as Drivers of Targeted Counterproductive Work Behaviors: A Multifoci Perspective
Journal of Applied Psychology (Forthcoming)
64 Pages Posted: 25 Jun 2016 Last revised: 16 Dec 2016
Date Written: June 24, 2016
In this paper, we integrate the theory of work adjustment (Dawis, England, & Lofquist, 1964) and the stressor emotion model of counterproductive work behaviors (CWBs; Spector & Fox, 2005) to examine workplace frustration as an intervening mechanism that mediates relations between person-environment (P-E) fit and CWBs. Moreover, we adopt a multifoci perspective to estimate effects for multiple fit, frustration, and CWB foci. We examine the nature of relations between fit, frustration and CWB for like foci (target similar effects), as well as, cross-foci effects. Study 1 examines proposed effects in a sample of 447 employee-coworker dyads. Study 2 employs a three-wave survey design and tests effects in a sample of 669 employees. Results from both studies suggest that (1) frustration mediates the effects of P-E fit on CWBs and (2) the most consistent effects were observed amongst the variables with matching foci. Implications for research and practice are discussed.
Keywords: Person-environment fit, workplace frustration, counterproductive work behaviors, multifoci model, target similarity model
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