Fit and Frustration as Drivers of Targeted Counterproductive Work Behaviors: A Multifoci Perspective

Journal of Applied Psychology (Forthcoming)

Fox School of Business Research Paper No. 16-021

64 Pages Posted: 25 Jun 2016 Last revised: 16 Dec 2016

See all articles by Crystal Harold

Crystal Harold

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management

In‐Sue Oh

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management

Brian Holtz

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management; Temple University - Organizational Behavior

Soojung Han

Temple University - Fox School of Business and Management

Robert A. Giacalone

University of Denver - Daniels College of Business

Date Written: June 24, 2016

Abstract

In this paper, we integrate the theory of work adjustment (Dawis, England, & Lofquist, 1964) and the stressor emotion model of counterproductive work behaviors (CWBs; Spector & Fox, 2005) to examine workplace frustration as an intervening mechanism that mediates relations between person-environment (P-E) fit and CWBs. Moreover, we adopt a multifoci perspective to estimate effects for multiple fit, frustration, and CWB foci. We examine the nature of relations between fit, frustration and CWB for like foci (target similar effects), as well as, cross-foci effects. Study 1 examines proposed effects in a sample of 447 employee-coworker dyads. Study 2 employs a three-wave survey design and tests effects in a sample of 669 employees. Results from both studies suggest that (1) frustration mediates the effects of P-E fit on CWBs and (2) the most consistent effects were observed amongst the variables with matching foci. Implications for research and practice are discussed.

Keywords: Person-environment fit, workplace frustration, counterproductive work behaviors, multifoci model, target similarity model

Suggested Citation

Harold, Crystal and Oh, In-Sue and Holtz, Brian and Han, Soojung and Giacalone, Robert A., Fit and Frustration as Drivers of Targeted Counterproductive Work Behaviors: A Multifoci Perspective (June 24, 2016). Journal of Applied Psychology (Forthcoming); Fox School of Business Research Paper No. 16-021. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2800180

Crystal Harold (Contact Author)

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management ( email )

Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States

In-Sue Oh

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management ( email )

1801 Liacouras Walk
Alter Hall 343
Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.fox.temple.edu/mcm_people/in-sue-oh/

Brian Holtz

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management ( email )

Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States

Temple University - Organizational Behavior ( email )

Philadelphia, PA
United States

Soojung Han

Temple University - Fox School of Business and Management ( email )

Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States

Robert A. Giacalone

University of Denver - Daniels College of Business ( email )

2101 S. University Blvd.
Denver, CO 80208
United States

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