Social Impacts of International Trade on the Chinese Transport Sector

8 Pages Posted: 27 Jun 2016

See all articles by Ali Alsamawi

Ali Alsamawi

The University of Sydney

Darian McBain

The University of Sydney - Center for Integrated Sustainability Analysis (ISA)

Joy Murray

The University of Sydney

Arne Geschke

The University of Sydney - Center for Integrated Sustainability Analysis (ISA)

Date Written: June 2016

Abstract

The World Health Organization sees traffic injuries as a global health and development problem predicted to become the fifth leading cause of death by 2030. This study uses input‐output techniques to shed light on the impact of international trade on the Chinese transport sector and its consequences for the lives of Chinese transport workers and the general population. We calculate the direct and indirect transport‐accident footprints associated with products consumed domestically and internationally. Transport‐accident footprints are comprised of fatal and nonfatal accidents from the transport sector. Our study finds that half of the accidents in the transport sector's footprint are embodied within exports to the United States, Japan, Hong Kong, United Kingdom, Germany, and Korea in the electronics, clothes, and minerals sectors. The study also shows that countries with a small population and high income have the highest per capita embodied accidents in the transport footprint of their imports from China. This study demonstrates that when considering the impacts of consumption in global trade, the social impact of production — in this case of transport accidents associated with production — must be considered.

Keywords: industrial ecology, multi‐regional input‐output analysis, occupational health and safety, sustainability indicators, transport‐accident footprint, transportation

Suggested Citation

Alsamawi, Ali and McBain, Darian and Murray, Joy and Geschke, Arne, Social Impacts of International Trade on the Chinese Transport Sector (June 2016). Journal of Industrial Ecology, Vol. 20, Issue 3, pp. 603-610, 2016, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2800388 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jiec.12322

Ali Alsamawi (Contact Author)

The University of Sydney

University of Sydney
No Address Available

Darian McBain

The University of Sydney - Center for Integrated Sustainability Analysis (ISA)

School of Physics, A28
The University of Sydney
Sydney, NSW 2006
Australia

Joy Murray

The University of Sydney

Arne Geschke

The University of Sydney - Center for Integrated Sustainability Analysis (ISA)

School of Physics, A28
The University of Sydney
Sydney, NSW 2006
Australia

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