24 Pages Posted: 11 Sep 2001
Date Written: July 2001
This paper analyzes the determinants of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) to developing countries and examines why Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has been relatively unsuccessful in attracting FDI despite policy reform. The results indicate that the factors that drive FDI have a differential impact on FDI flows to SSA. Specifically, infrastructure development and a higher return on capital promote FDI to non-SSA countries. In contrast these factors have no effect on FDI to SSA. Openness to trade promotes FDI to both SSA and non-SSA countries, however, the marginal benefit from increased openness is less for SSA-suggesting that trade liberalization will generate more FDI to non-SSA countries than SSA countries. Another important finding is that there is an "adverse regional effect" for SSA: a country in SSA will receive less FDI by virtue of its geographical location. These results suggest that Africa is different!
Keywords: Africa, Foreign Direct Investment, Developing Countries
JEL Classification: F23, O55, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Asiedu, Elizabeth, On the Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment to Developing Countries: Is Africa Different? (July 2001). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=280062 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.280062
By Ewe-ghee Lim