FDI and Growth in the MENA Countries: Are the GCC Countries Different?
African Governance and Development Institute WP/16/015
42 Pages Posted: 28 Jun 2016
Date Written: June 25, 2016
This paper examines the relationship between Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region for the period 1985-2009. The empirical evidence is based on an endoeneity-robust Generalised Method of Moments. Results show that the effect of FDI on per capita income in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries is positive but negative in Non-GCC countries. Results also reveal that in contrast to the GCC countries, the financial openness policy in the Non-GCC countries have reduced the benefits of FDI on growth, this finding is explained by the fact that most of the Non-GCC countries that have engaged in the process of financial reforms have poor quality of institutions. These results are confirmed with both annual data and five year average data.
Keywords: FDI, growth, GMM, financial openness, Institutions
JEL Classification: C52; F21; F23; O40; P37
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