Converting Retirement Benefit into a Life Care Annuity with Graded Benefits: How Costly Would It Actually Be?
Scandinavian Actuarial Journal, November 2016, DOI: 10.1080/03461238.2016.1258370
30 Pages Posted: 1 Jul 2016 Last revised: 6 Mar 2017
Date Written: November 5, 2016
This paper deals with life care annuities, i.e. bundled products comprising a life annuity and long-term care insurance. It aims to assess the cost of converting retirement benefit into a life care annuity with graded benefits using a pre-existing public pay-as-you-go pension scheme. With this objective in mind, we present an actuarial method based on array calculus for valuing this type of life care annuity. The health dynamics of the annuitant rely on a reversible illness-death multistate framework. The paper contains a numerical example in which mortality and disability assumptions are based on data from the USA and Australia, although this should be viewed simply as an illustration. In addition, in order to check the coherence of these data, we compute life expectancy for both healthy and dependent persons, and then for dependent persons in each of the states of dependence. The effect of ruling out the recovery assumption on the annuity's cost is also assessed. The analysis provides valuable insights into how much it would cost to introduce these annuities and enables us to make some policy recommendations to help ensure that this combined pension scheme has a good actuarial design. If the data used were the real data, it would be no exaggeration to say that embedding long-term care coverage into the retirement system in the USA might not be very costly, whereas for Australia the opposite would be true.
Keywords: Life Care Annuities, Long-Term Care Insurance, Multistate model, Retirement
JEL Classification: G22, H55, I13, J14, J26
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation