Transparency and Confidence-Building Measures for Space Security
in Ajey Lele (ed.), Decoding the International Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities, Pentagon Security International, 2012, pp. 35- 46.
13 Pages Posted: 6 Jul 2016
Date Written: 2012
Abstract by B. Goswami: “Transparency and Confidence-Building Measures (TCBMs) for Space Security are being debated at international level to simply eliminate all apprehensions of potentially harmful activities in outer space. However, the idea of TCBMs has two polarized positions, first being advocated by China and Russia, who press upon creation of a legally binding treaty against placement of weapon and use or threat of force in outer space, while on the other side, European Union has initiated a Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities, which is intended to be a soft law. The U.S. has entered into discussions relating to TCBMs for Space Security at international level, but it stringently opines that it will not enter any arrangement in form of soft or hard law, which restricts freedom of its actions in outer space. With such polarised opinions and lack of political will on the issue of TCBMs, in near future there are bleak chances of having an international instrument for space security. This article covers initiatives taken by various states or international bodies towards space security and presents the current standing of TCBMs for Space Security with suggestion for possible future outcomes.”
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