Executives’ Tax-advantaged Trusts and IPO Outcomes
50 Pages Posted: 3 Jul 2016 Last revised: 2 Mar 2019
Date Written: February 4, 2019
We examine the prevalence and determinants of CEOs’ use of tax-advantaged trusts prior to their firm’s IPO. Twenty-three percent of CEOs use tax-advantaged pre-IPO trusts, and share transfers into tax-advantaged trusts are positively associated with CEO equity wealth, estate taxes, and dynastic preferences. We estimate that pre-IPO trust use increases CEOs’ dynastic wealth by approximately $830,000 on average. We next examine a simple model’s prediction that trust use will be positively related to IPO-period stock price appreciation. We find that trust use is associated with twelve percent higher one-year post-IPO returns, but is not significantly related to the IPO’s valuation, filing price revision, or underpricing. This evidence is consistent with CEOs’ personal finance decisions prior to the IPO containing value relevant information that is not immediately incorporated into market prices.
Keywords: Tax-advantaged trusts, CEO private information, taxes, initial public offering, post-IPO performance
JEL Classification: D14, H26, G32, M41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation