Abstract

https://ssrn.com/abstract=2803379
 


 



Technology Protectionism and the Patent System: Strategic Technologies in China


Gaétan de Rassenfosse


Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Emilio Raiteri


Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

July 1, 2016


Abstract:     
The national treatment principle, a centerpiece of many trade-related international treaties, mandates nondiscriminatory application of treaty provisions to nationals and foreigners. In international patent law treaties, the principle prevents countries from free-riding on foreign technologies, thereby preserving incentives for global innovations. Concerns about violation of the principle at the Chinese patent office have been voiced in business and policy circles, but there is little empirical evidence backing this claim. Using data on about half a million patent applications filed in China we find no, or only weak, evidence of anti-foreign bias in the issuance of patents overall. However, foreign applications in technology fields that are of strategic importance to China are four to seven percentage points less likely to be approved than local applications, all else equal. Given the importance of industrial policy in China and the country's strong focus on indigenous innovation and intellectual property, the empirical results provide a case of technology protectionism by means of the patent system.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 39

Keywords: industrial policy, national treatment principle, patent; technology protectionism, trade-related intellectual property rights

JEL Classification: O34, K11, F52


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Date posted: July 2, 2016  

Suggested Citation

de Rassenfosse, Gaétan and Raiteri, Emilio, Technology Protectionism and the Patent System: Strategic Technologies in China (July 1, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2803379

Contact Information

Gaétan De Rassenfosse (Contact Author)
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne ( email )
Station 5
Odyssea 1.04
1015 Lausanne, CH-1015
Switzerland
Emilio Raiteri
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne ( email )
Station 5
Odyssea 1.04
1015 Lausanne, CH-1015
Switzerland
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