The Real Effects of FAS 166/167 on Banks’ Mortgage Approval and Sale Decisions
53 Pages Posted: 5 Jul 2016 Last revised: 20 Jan 2018
Date Written: January 5, 2018
We examine the real effects of FAS 166 and FAS 167 on banks’ loan-level mortgage approval and sale decisions. Effective in 2010, these standards tightened the accounting for securitizations and consolidation of securitization entities, respectively, causing banks to recognize an estimated $811 billion of securitized assets on balance sheet. We find that banks that recognize more securitized assets exhibit larger decreases in mortgage approval rates and larger increases in mortgage sale rates. These effects significantly exceed those of banks’ off-balance sheet securitized assets, consistent with our results being driven by the consolidation of securitization entities rather than by securitization per se. We conduct tests that help rule out the financial crisis as an alternative explanation for our results. Further analyses suggest that mechanisms underlying the results include consolidating banks’ reduced regulatory capital adequacy, increased market discipline, and consequent desire not to recognize high-risk mortgages on balance sheet.
Keywords: variable interest entities; consolidation; banks; mortgage approval; mortgage sale
JEL Classification: G21, M41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation