R&D Spillovers with Endogenous Absorptive Capacity: Lessons for Developing Countries
38 Pages Posted: 6 Jul 2016 Last revised: 6 Nov 2016
Date Written: June 30, 2016
This paper analyzes the role of absorptive capacity in R&D spillovers through strategic R&D investments in a game-theoretic framework. In the model, a firm’s effective R&D is composed of idiosyncratic R&D, which produces its own innovations, and identical R&D, which improves absorptive capacity. The model shows that in the presence of absorptive capacity firms have a tendency to underinvest (overinvest) in idiosyncratic (identical) R&D relative to the social optimum. As the spillover becomes larger, firms decrease their own R&D while they become more inclined towards strategic exploitation of rivals’ efforts. Since the former effect overpowers the latter, the total amount of R&D decreases as the spillover increases. This is socially undesirable, providing a potential justification for a governmental subsidy for idiosyncratic R&D and a tax on identical R&D. The findings may have important implications for newly industrialized or emerging countries that consider a redirection of national R&D policy and intellectual property rights (IPR) regime.
Keywords: Absorptive Capacity, R&D, Spillovers
JEL Classification: L13, O31, O32, O38
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation