Regime Stability and the Persistence of Traditional Practices

42 Pages Posted: 8 Jul 2016

See all articles by Michael Poyker

Michael Poyker

University of Nottingham, School of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: July 5, 2016

Abstract

I investigate the role of national institutions on the persistence of cultural norms and traditions. In particular, I examine why the harmful tradition of female genital mutilation (FGM) persists in certain African countries while in others it has been successfully eradicated. I argue that people are more willing to abandon their institutions and traditions if they are sure that the government is durable enough to set up long term replacements for them. If the regime is weak, people revert to their traditional cultural norms. I exploit the fact that ethnic groups in Africa were artificially partitioned by national borders and, using a country-ethnicity panel dataset, I show that one standard deviation in political regime durability explains at least 14% of the standard deviation of the share of circumcised women. The results are robust to an array of control variables and robustness checks. I confirm that the results are unlikely to be spurious by using within nation variation in regime durability induced by leaders' deaths from natural causes.

Keywords: Traditional Practices, Female Genital Mutilation, Regime Durability, Institutions

JEL Classification: D19, J15, O12, Z13

Suggested Citation

Poyker, Mikhail, Regime Stability and the Persistence of Traditional Practices (July 5, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2805742 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2805742

Mikhail Poyker (Contact Author)

University of Nottingham, School of Economics ( email )

University Park
Nottingham, NG8 1BB
United Kingdom

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