The Effects of Geographic Expansion on Bank Efficiency

Posted: 1 Oct 2001

See all articles by Allen N. Berger

Allen N. Berger

University of South Carolina - Darla Moore School of Business; Wharton Financial Institutions Center; European Banking Center

Robert DeYoung

University of Kansas School of Business

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Abstract

We assess the effects of geographic expansion on bank efficiency, using cost and profit efficiencies estimated for over 7000 U.S. banks from 1993 to 1998. We find both positive and negative links between geographic scope and bank efficiency. Parent organizations exercise some control over the efficiency of their affiliates, although this control tends to dissipate with the distance to the affiliate. However, on average, distance-related efficiency effects tend to be modest, and our results suggest that some efficient organizations can export efficient practices to their affiliates and overwhelm any effects of distance. The results imply there may be no particular optimal geographic scope for banking organizations?some may operate efficiently within a single region, while others may operate efficiently on a nationwide or international basis.

Keywords: Banks, efficiency, mergers, financial institutions

Suggested Citation

Berger, Allen N. and DeYoung, Robert, The Effects of Geographic Expansion on Bank Efficiency. Journal of Financial Services Research, Vol. 19, No. 2/3, April 2001. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=280660

Allen N. Berger (Contact Author)

University of South Carolina - Darla Moore School of Business ( email )

1705 College St
Francis M. Hipp Building
Columbia, SC 29208
United States
803-576-8440 (Phone)
803-777-6876 (Fax)

Wharton Financial Institutions Center

Philadelphia, PA 19104-6367
United States

European Banking Center

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands

Robert DeYoung

University of Kansas School of Business ( email )

Capitol Federal Hall
1654 Naismith Drive
Lawrence, KS 66045
United States
785-864-1806 (Phone)

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