The Decline in Marriage in Israel, 1960-2007: Period or Cohort Effect?
European Journal of Population, Forthcoming
49 Pages Posted: 11 Jul 2016 Last revised: 23 Nov 2016
Date Written: July 8, 2016
Over the past four decades, the more developed countries have experienced a marked decline in the marriage rates of both men and women. The reasons for the decline remain a debated issue. Three explanations predict that the decline in marriage is a period effect, while two predict that it is a birth cohort effect. To determine whether the decline is a period or a cohort effect, this study performed an age-period-cohort analysis. Using data from Israel, our results show that both cohort replacement and period factors were important. Until 1990-94 the decline in marriage was a period effect, whereas after 1990-94 the decline was a cohort effect. We conclude with a discussion of the implications of our results for the three major explanations of the decline in marriage.
Keywords: marriage, rates, developed countries, cohort effect, period, Israel
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