International Diversification, SFAS 131, and Post-Earnings Announcement Drift

42 Pages Posted: 24 Jul 2017

See all articles by Tony Kang

Tony Kang

University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Inder K. Khurana

University of Missouri at Columbia - Robert J. Trulaske, Sr. College of Business

Changjiang (John) Wang

University of Cincinnati - Department of Accounting

Date Written: July 19, 2016

Abstract

Using 1990 through 2013 data of U.S. firms with foreign operations, we show that (1) the serial correlation of analyst forecast errors increases to the degree that firms diversify internationally, (2) post-earnings-announcement drift (PEAD) based on analyst forecast errors increases to the degree that firms increase international operations, and (3) international diversification’s impact on the serial correlation of analyst forecast errors and its associated drift is significantly reduced after the implementation of SFAS 131, which requires firms to report disaggregated information of operating segments based on the way management organizes the segments within the enterprise for making operating decisions and assessing performance. When we replicate our tests using seasonally differenced earnings, we fail to observe patterns similar to those using analyst forecast errors. Overall, the results of our study suggest that investors’ underreaction to announced earnings is a likely explanation for PEAD. Our findings also indicate that disclosures required under SFAS 131 are informative in helping analysts more accurately predict earnings, which can help capital markets price internationally diversified firms’ earnings.

Keywords: Post-Earnings-Announcement Drift, International Diversification, Analyst Forecast, Serial Correlation

JEL Classification: G10, G12, G15, G17, G32

Suggested Citation

Kang, Tony and Khurana, Inder and Wang, Changjiang (John), International Diversification, SFAS 131, and Post-Earnings Announcement Drift (July 19, 2016). Contemporary Accounting Research, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2807826 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2807826

Tony Kang

University of Nebraska - Lincoln ( email )

307 College of Business Administration
Lincoln, NE 68588-0488
United States

Inder Khurana

University of Missouri at Columbia - Robert J. Trulaske, Sr. College of Business ( email )

331 Cornell Hall
Columbia, MO 65211
United States
573-882-3474 (Phone)
573-882-2437 (Fax)

Changjiang (John) Wang (Contact Author)

University of Cincinnati - Department of Accounting ( email )

Cincinnati, OH 45221-0211
United States

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