33 Pages Posted: 14 Jul 2016 Last revised: 7 May 2017
Date Written: May 6, 2017
With a focus on the entry channel, this paper investigates the role of business deregulation and financial reform in China's credit and stock markets in explaining the rapid economic growth of China over the past twenty years. A dynamic general equilibrium growth model with heterogeneous consumers and firms is developed. Quantitative results using firm-level data show that the structural reforms that facilitated business formation and growth led to significantly higher aggregate output. This was driven by resource reallocation resulting from stronger market competition, in particular caused by the massive influx of new firms. Policy analysis shows that further reform can also have a large impact.
Keywords: Structural Reforms, Entry, Market Selection, Economic Growth, China
JEL Classification: E23, E44, O40, O53
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