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Armed with Technology: The Impact on Fatal Shootings by the Police

49 Pages Posted: 13 Jul 2016 Last revised: 16 Dec 2016

Min-Seok Pang

Temple University - Department of Management Information Systems

Paul A. Pavlou

Temple University - Department of Management Information Systems; Temple University - Department of Strategic Management

Date Written: September 8, 2016

Abstract

Deaths of civilians by the police in recent years have led to protests and disruptions in several cities, such as New York and Chicago. In this study, we investigate how the use of technology by the police affects deadly shootings of civilians. Drawing upon the criminology literature, we propose a simple, stylized model on a police officer’s decision-making to shoot to explain how technology use for intelligence analyses and evidence gathering affects the use of lethal force. Our empirical analyses revealed both encouraging and surprising findings. We found that both the use of smartphones and the statistical analyses of crime data are associated with a decrease in deadly shootings. In contrast, the use of wearable body cameras is related to an increase in fatal shootings by the police. We also found that the effect of technology use is more pronounced for armed suspects and among males, the youth, and minorities.

Keywords: Fatal Shootings, Use of Force, Intelligence, Wearable Body Cameras, Police, Signal Detection Theory

Suggested Citation

Pang, Min-Seok and Pavlou, Paul A., Armed with Technology: The Impact on Fatal Shootings by the Police (September 8, 2016). Fox School of Business Research Paper No. 16-020. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2808662 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2808662

Min-Seok Pang (Contact Author)

Temple University - Department of Management Information Systems ( email )

1810 N. 13th Street
Floor 2
Philadelphia, PA 19128
United States
215-204-3059 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/minspang

Paul A. Pavlou

Temple University - Department of Management Information Systems ( email )

1810 N. 13th Street
Floor 2
Philadelphia, PA 19128
United States

Temple University - Department of Strategic Management ( email )

Fox School of Business and Management
Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States

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