The Evolution of Formal and Informal Institutions Related to Cyber-Security: A Comparison of China and India
34 Pages Posted: 17 Jul 2016
Date Written: November 5, 2012
Institutions related to cybersecurity are rapidly evolving in China and India. Such institutions in these two economies, however, reveal striking similarities and significant differences. In this paper, we investigate how the increased digitization of economic activities and the growth in cybercrimes have affected the development of cybersecurity-related formal and informal institutions. We also compare and contrast the evolution of institutions in the two economies and the roles of various components of institutions in shaping institutional actors’ cybersecurity related behaviors. Implications for theory, policy, and practice are discussed.
Keywords: cyber-security; formal and informal institutions; cyber militia; China; India; trade associations, GigaNet
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