Why Lenity Has No Place in the Income Tax Laws

12 Pages Posted: 20 Jul 2016 Last revised: 24 Feb 2017

See all articles by Andy Grewal

Andy Grewal

University of Iowa - College of Law

Date Written: February 22, 2017


A controversy has emerged over how to interpret statutes under which the government can undertake either civil or criminal action against a person. Should courts interpret these statutes like any other civil statutes, and defer to agencies to resolve ambiguities? Or should courts treat these statutes like pure criminal provisions, and use the rule of lenity to resolve ambiguities in a defendant-friendly fashion?

This Essay, prepared for the Missouri Law Review Symposium on "The Future of The Administrative State," explains why the rule of lenity should never apply to the substantive provisions of the income tax laws, even though the government can proceed either civilly or criminally against taxpayers.

Suggested Citation

Grewal, Amandeep S., Why Lenity Has No Place in the Income Tax Laws (February 22, 2017). 81 Mo. L. Rev. 1045 (2017), Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2810876

Amandeep S. Grewal (Contact Author)

University of Iowa - College of Law ( email )

Melrose and Byington
Iowa City, IA 52242
United States

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