Women's Empowerment, Sibling Rivalry, and Competitiveness: Evidence from a Lab Experiment and a Randomized Control Trial in Uganda

18 Pages Posted: 19 Jul 2016

See all articles by Niklas Buehren

Niklas Buehren

World Bank

Markus Goldstein

World Bank

Kathryn N. Vasilaky

California Polytechnic State U; Columbia University, Earth Institute

Kenneth L. Leonard

University of Maryland

Joao Montalvao

World Bank

Kathryn Vasilaky

Columbia University

Date Written: June 7, 2016

Abstract

This study looks at how a community event?adolescent women's economic and social empowerment -- and a family factor -- sibling sex composition?interact in shaping gender differences in preferences for competition. To do so, a lab-in-the-field experiment is conducted using competitive games layered over the randomized rollout of a community program that empowered adolescent girls in Uganda. In contrast with the literature, the study finds no gender differences in competitiveness among adolescents, on average. It also finds no evidence of differences in competitiveness between girls in treatment and control communities, on average. However, in line with the literature, in control communities the study finds that boys surrounded by sisters are less competitive. Strikingly, this pattern is reversed in treatment communities, where boys surrounded by (empowered) sisters are more competitive.

Keywords: Anthropology, Gender and Development, Gender and Social Development, Gender and Law, Adolescent Health

Suggested Citation

Buehren, Niklas and Goldstein, Markus P. and Vasilaky, Kathryn N. and Leonard, Kenneth L. and Montalvao, Joao and Vasilaky, Kathryn, Women's Empowerment, Sibling Rivalry, and Competitiveness: Evidence from a Lab Experiment and a Randomized Control Trial in Uganda (June 7, 2016). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7699, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2811346

Niklas Buehren (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Markus P. Goldstein

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Kathryn N. Vasilaky

California Polytechnic State U ( email )

1 Grand Ave, SLO, CA 93407, 3-
535 West 116th Street, MC 4327
San Luis Obispo, CA California 93407
United States
8053027480 (Phone)
93407 (Fax)

Columbia University, Earth Institute ( email )

1 Grand Ave, SLO, CA 93407, 3-
535 West 116th Street, MC 4327
San Luis Obispo, CA California 93407
United States
8053027480 (Phone)
93407 (Fax)

Kenneth L. Leonard

University of Maryland ( email )

Symmons Hall, Rm 2200
University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742-5535
United States

HOME PAGE: http://faculty.arec.umd.edu/kleonard/

Joao Montalvao

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Kathryn Vasilaky

Columbia University ( email )

3022 Broadway
New York, NY 10027
United States

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