Near-Money Premiums, Monetary Policy, and the Integration of Money Markets: Lessons from Deregulation

45 Pages Posted: 20 Jul 2016 Last revised: 6 Mar 2019

See all articles by Mark A. Carlson

Mark A. Carlson

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System

David C. Wheelock

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: 2016-06-01

Abstract

The 1960s and 1970s witnessed rapid growth in the markets for new money market instruments, such as negotiable certificates of deposit (CDs) and Eurodollar deposits, as banks and investors sought ways around various regulations affecting funding markets. In this paper, we investigate the impacts of the deregulation and integration of the money markets. We find that the pricing and volume of negotiable CDs and Eurodollars issued were influenced by the availability of other short-term safe assets, especially Treasury bills. Banks appear to have issued these money market instruments as substitutes for other types of funding. The integration of money markets and ability of banks to raise funds using a greater variety of substitutable instruments has implications for monetary policy. We find that, when deregulation reduced money market segmentation, larger open market operations were required to produce a given change in the federal funds rate, but that the pass through of changes in the funds rate to other market rates was also greater.

Keywords: money markets, deregulation, market integration, monetary policy implementation, Eurodollars, Regulation Q

JEL Classification: E50, G18, N22

Suggested Citation

Carlson, Mark A. and Wheelock, David C., Near-Money Premiums, Monetary Policy, and the Integration of Money Markets: Lessons from Deregulation (2016-06-01). FRB St. Louis Working Paper No. 2016-15. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2812049 or http://dx.doi.org/10.20955/wp.2016.015

Mark A. Carlson (Contact Author)

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System ( email )

20th Street and Constitution Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20551
United States
(202) 452-3987 (Phone)
(202) 452-2301 (Fax)

David C. Wheelock

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division ( email )

P.O. Box 442
St. Louis, MO 63166-0442
United States

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