Inequality and Academic Achievement in Chile

CEPAL Review no.109

16 Pages Posted: 20 May 2018

See all articles by Pablo Munoz

Pablo Munoz

University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics

Amaia Redondo

University of Chile

Date Written: April 1, 2013

Abstract

This work uses a set of panel data to contribute new evidence on the impacts of socioeconomic determinants on academic achievement in Chile. Socioeconomic determinants are found to have a statistically significant effect, which rises over time, on academic achievement. The evidence shows that two individuals of different socioeconomic levels (SEL) who achieve the same score in Chile’s Educational Quality Measurement System (SIMCE) in eighth grade, are separated by a gap of over 70 points on average four years later, when they sit the University Selection Test (PSU). It is concluded that in a context of great income inequality and high returns on tertiary education, academic achievement indexes throw up barriers to access to tertiary education, principally for the population of low socioeconomic level, thereby perpetuating poor income distribution.

Keywords: Social structure, students, school achievement, social aspects, social classes, measurement, econometric models, Chile

JEL Classification: I22, I24, I25, I31, J31

Suggested Citation

Munoz, Pablo and Redondo, Amaia, Inequality and Academic Achievement in Chile (April 1, 2013). CEPAL Review no.109, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2812266

Pablo Munoz (Contact Author)

University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics ( email )

579 Evans Hall
Berkeley, CA 94709
United States

Amaia Redondo

University of Chile ( email )

Pío Nono Nº1, Providencia
Santiago, R. Metropolitana 7520421
Chile

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