Public Versus Private Protection Against Crime: The Case of Somali Piracy

51 Pages Posted: 20 Jul 2016 Last revised: 27 Oct 2018

See all articles by Quy-Toan Do

Quy-Toan Do

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Lin Ma

National University of Singapore (NUS)

Claudia Ruiz Ortega

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Quy-Toan Do

World Bank - Research Department

Date Written: July 20, 2016

Abstract

This paper analyzes the rise and demise of piracy off the coast of Somalia to highlight the interplay between public and private crime protection measures. Using unique data on attacks, hijacks, and ransoms, the authors estimate a structural model of Somali piracy to calculate the elasticity of crime with respect to two forms of protection: the publicly-provided deployment of international navies in the Western Indian Ocean and the private provision of maritime security contractors on board vessels. They assess both positive and negative spillovers associated with private security. Their findings have implications for the optimal composition of protective measures and the regulation of the market for private security.

Keywords: Crime and Society, Coastal and Marine Environment, Ecosystems and Natural Habitats, Coastal and Marine Resources, Marine Environment, Energy and Natural Resources, Oceans, Law Enforcement Systems, Conflict and Fragile States

Suggested Citation

Do, Quy Toan and Ma, Lin and Ruiz Ortega, Claudia and Do, Quy-Toan, Public Versus Private Protection Against Crime: The Case of Somali Piracy (July 20, 2016). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7757. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2812305

Quy Toan Do (Contact Author)

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Lin Ma

National University of Singapore (NUS)

Bukit Timah Road 469 G
Singapore, 117591
Singapore

Claudia Ruiz Ortega

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Quy-Toan Do

World Bank - Research Department

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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