Abstract

https://ssrn.com/abstract=2812706
 


 



Catalyst or Crown: Does Naturalization Promote the Long-Term Social Integration of Immigrants?


Jens Hainmueller


Stanford University - Department of Political Science; Stanford Graduate School of Business; Stanford Immigration Policy Lab

Dominik Hangartner


London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE); Stanford Immigration Policy Lab

Giuseppe Pietrantuono


University of Mannheim - Graduate School of Economic and Social Sciences

November 1, 2016

American Political Science Review, Forthcoming
Stanford University Graduate School of Business Research Paper No. 16-37
Stanford-Zurich Immigration Policy Lab Working Paper No. 16-01

Abstract:     
We study the impact of naturalization on the long-term social integration of immigrants into the host country society. Despite ongoing debates about citizenship policy, we lack reliable evidence that isolates the causal effect of naturalization from the non-random selection into naturalization. We exploit the quasi-random assignment of citizenship in Swiss municipalities that used referendums to decide on naturalization applications of immigrants. Comparing otherwise similar immigrants who narrowly won or narrowly lost their naturalization referendums, we find that receiving Swiss citizenship strongly improved long-term social integration. We also find that the integration returns to naturalization are much larger for more marginalized immigrant groups and somewhat larger when naturalization occurs earlier, rather than later in the residency period. Overall, our findings support the policy paradigm arguing that naturalization is a catalyst for improving the social integration of immigrants rather than merely the crown on the completed integration process.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 72


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Date posted: July 25, 2016 ; Last revised: November 23, 2016

Suggested Citation

Hainmueller, Jens and Hangartner, Dominik and Pietrantuono, Giuseppe, Catalyst or Crown: Does Naturalization Promote the Long-Term Social Integration of Immigrants? (November 1, 2016). American Political Science Review, Forthcoming; Stanford University Graduate School of Business Research Paper No. 16-37; Stanford-Zurich Immigration Policy Lab Working Paper No. 16-01. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2812706 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2812706

Contact Information

Jens Hainmueller
Stanford University - Department of Political Science ( email )
Stanford, CA 94305
United States
HOME PAGE: http://www.stanford.edu/~jhain/
Stanford Graduate School of Business ( email )
655 Knight Way
Stanford, CA 94305-5015
United States

Stanford Immigration Policy Lab
30 Alta Road
Stanford, CA 94305
United States
Dominik Hangartner (Contact Author)
London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) ( email )
Departments of Government and Methodology
Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom
Stanford Immigration Policy Lab
30 Alta Road
Stanford, CA 94305
United States
Giuseppe Pietrantuono
University of Mannheim - Graduate School of Economic and Social Sciences ( email )
D7, 27
Mannheim, 68131
Germany
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