Environmental Risks and Poverty: Analyzing Geo-Spatial and Household Data from Vietnam

28 Pages Posted: 26 Jul 2016

See all articles by Ulf Gerrit Narloch

Ulf Gerrit Narloch

World Bank - Sustainable Development Network

Mook Bangalore

World Bank

Date Written: July 25, 2016


This study combines high-resolution, geo-spatial data and household data from the Vietnam Living Standard Measurement Surveys in 2010, 2012, and 2014 to investigate the relationship between environmental risks and poverty. Using recently developed data on air pollution, tree cover loss, land degradation, slope, rainfall and temperature variability, and flood and drought hazards, the study shows: (i) at the district level, there are hotspots of high poverty and environmental risks; (ii) ethnic minorities and poor households are much more exposed to multiple environmental risks than other groups, and also within rural and urban areas poorer households live in communes exposed to higher environmental risks; and (iii) environmental risks relate to lower consumption levels, but less so to lower consumption growth over time. Altogether these findings suggest that Vietnam?s poor are disproportionally exposed to environmental risks, which can result in livelihood impacts that in many ways go beyond consumption. In light of growing pressures due to population growth, economic development and climate change, green growth actions, ecosystem-based adaptation, and land-use planning could be important strategies to reduce the environmental burden on poor people.

Keywords: Science of Climate Change, Climate Change and Health, Global Environment Facility, Climate Change and Environment, Inequality

Suggested Citation

Narloch, Ulf Gerrit and Bangalore, Mook, Environmental Risks and Poverty: Analyzing Geo-Spatial and Household Data from Vietnam (July 25, 2016). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7763, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2814397

Ulf Gerrit Narloch (Contact Author)

World Bank - Sustainable Development Network ( email )

United States

Mook Bangalore

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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