Amoral Familism, Social Capital, or Trust? The Behavioural Foundations of the Italian North–South Divide

24 Pages Posted: 28 Jul 2016

See all articles by Maria Bigoni

Maria Bigoni

University of Bologna - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Stefania Bortolotti

MPI for Research on Collective Goods

Marco Casari

University of Bologna - Department of Economics

Diego Gambetta

University of Oxford

Francesca Pancotto

Department of Communication and Economics; Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Pisa - Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM); University of Bologna - Department of Economics

Date Written: August 2016

Abstract

We present the first laboratory‐in‐the field experiment on the Italian North–South divide. Using a representative sample of the population, we measure whether regional disparities in ability to cooperate emerge even if differences in geography, institutions and criminal intrusion are silenced. We report that a behavioural gap in cooperation exists: Northern and Southern citizens react differently to the same incentives. Moreover, this gap cannot be accounted for by tolerance for risk, proxies of social capital and ‘amoral familism’. At least a share of North–South disparities is likely to derive from persistent differences in social norms.

Suggested Citation

Bigoni, Maria and Bortolotti, Stefania and Casari, Marco and Gambetta, Diego and Pancotto, Francesca, Amoral Familism, Social Capital, or Trust? The Behavioural Foundations of the Italian North–South Divide (August 2016). The Economic Journal, Vol. 126, Issue 594, pp. 1318-1341, 2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2815210 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecoj.12292

Maria Bigoni (Contact Author)

University of Bologna - Department of Economics ( email )

Piazza Scaravilli 2
Bologna, Bologna 40126
Italy
+390512098134 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.unibo.it/sitoweb/maria.bigoni/en

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Stefania Bortolotti

MPI for Research on Collective Goods ( email )

Kurt-Schumacher-Str. 10
D-53113 Bonn, 53113
Germany

Marco Casari

University of Bologna - Department of Economics ( email )

Strada Maggiore 45
Bologna, 40125
Italy

Diego Gambetta

University of Oxford ( email )

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

Francesca Pancotto

Department of Communication and Economics ( email )

Viale Allegri, 9
Reggio Emilia, Modena 41100
Italy
393313533645 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://personale.unimore.it/rubrica/dettaglio/f.pancotto

Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna di Pisa - Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM) ( email )

Piazza Martiri della Liberta, 33
Pisa, I-56127
Italy

University of Bologna - Department of Economics ( email )

Strada Maggiore 45
Bologna, 40125
Italy

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