Measures, Drivers and Effects of Green Employment: Evidence from US Local Labor Markets, 2006-2014

78 Pages Posted: 28 Jul 2016

See all articles by Francesco Vona

Francesco Vona

Observatoire Français des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE) - Department for Research on Innovation and Competition

Giovanni Marin

Italian National Research Council (CNR) - Centre for Economic Research on Firms and Growth (CERIS); Observatoire Français des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE)

Davide Consoli

INGENIO; MIoIR

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: July 28, 2016

Abstract

This paper explores the nature and the key empirical regularities of green employment in US local labor markets between 2006 and 2014. We construct a new measure of green employment based on the task content of occupations. Descriptive analysis reveals the following:

1. the share of green employment oscillates between 2 and 3 percent, and its trend is strongly pro-cyclical;

2. green jobs yield a 4 percent wage premium;

3. despite moderate catching-up across areas, green jobs remain more geographically concentrated than similar non-green jobs; and

4. the top green areas are mostly high-tech.

As regards the drivers, changes in environmental regulation are a secondary force compared to the local endowment of green knowledge and resilience in the face of the great recession. To assess the impact of moving to greener activities, we estimate that one additional green job is associated with 4.2 (2.4 in the crisis period) new jobs in non-tradable activities in the local economies.

Keywords: Green Employment, Local Labor Markets, Environmental Regulation, Environmental Technologies, Local Multipliers

JEL Classification: J23, O33, Q52, R23

Suggested Citation

Vona, Francesco and Marin, Giovanni and Consoli, Davide, Measures, Drivers and Effects of Green Employment: Evidence from US Local Labor Markets, 2006-2014 (July 28, 2016). FEEM Working Paper No. 48.2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2815393 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2815393

Francesco Vona (Contact Author)

Observatoire Français des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE) - Department for Research on Innovation and Competition ( email )

250 rue Albert Einstein
Valbonne, 06560
France

HOME PAGE: http://www.ofce.sciences-po.fr/ofce/dric.htm

Giovanni Marin

Italian National Research Council (CNR) - Centre for Economic Research on Firms and Growth (CERIS) ( email )

Via Avogadro 8
10121 Torino
Italy

Observatoire Français des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE) ( email )

69 Quai d'Orsay
Paris 75004
France

Davide Consoli

INGENIO ( email )

Ciudad de la Innovacion
Camin de Vera
Valencia, Valencia 46022
Spain
+34963877048 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ingenio.upv.es/

MIoIR ( email )

Booth Street West
Manchester, M15 6PB
United Kingdom
+441612757372 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.manchester.ac.uk/research/davide.consoli/

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