Dynamic Effects of Teacher Turnover on the Quality of Instruction

52 Pages Posted: 1 Aug 2016

See all articles by Eric A. Hanushek

Eric A. Hanushek

Stanford University - Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Steven Rivkin

University of Illinois at Chicago

Jeffrey C. Schiman

Georgia Southern University - Department of Finance and Economics

Date Written: July 2016

Abstract

It is widely believed that teacher turnover adversely affects the quality of instruction in urban schools serving predominantly disadvantaged children, and a growing body of research investigates various components of turnover effects. The evidence at first seems contradictory, as the quality of instruction appears to decline following turnover despite the fact that most work shows higher attrition for less effective teachers. This raises concerns that confounding factors bias estimates of transition differences in teacher effectiveness, the adverse effects of turnover or both. After taking more extensive steps to account for nonrandom sorting of students into classrooms and endogenous teacher exits and grade-switching, we replicate existing findings of adverse selection out of schools and negative effects of turnover in lower-achievement schools. But we find that these turnover effects can be fully accounted for by the resulting loss in experience and productivity loss following the reallocation of some incumbent teachers to different grades.

Suggested Citation

Hanushek, Eric A. and Rivkin, Steven and Schiman, Jeff C., Dynamic Effects of Teacher Turnover on the Quality of Instruction (July 2016). NBER Working Paper No. w22472. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2816746

Eric A. Hanushek (Contact Author)

Stanford University - Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305-6010
United States
650-736-0942 (Phone)
650-723-1687 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Steven Rivkin

University of Illinois at Chicago ( email )

Jeff C. Schiman

Georgia Southern University - Department of Finance and Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 815s
Statesboro, GA 30460
United States

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