Educational Differences in Parental Care Time: A Study on Belgium, Denmark, Spain, and the United Kingdom

37 Pages Posted: 24 Aug 2016 Last revised: 10 Oct 2016

See all articles by Pablo Gracia

Pablo Gracia

Trinity College Dublin

Joris Ghysels

Maastricht University - Top Institute for Evidence Based Education Research (TIER); University of Antwerp

Date Written: August 24, 2016

Abstract

This study uses time-diary data for dual-earner couples from Belgium, Denmark, Spain, and the United Kingdom to analyze educational inequalities in parental care time in different national contexts. For mothers, education is significantly associated with parenting involvement only in Spain and the United Kingdom. In Spain these differences are largely explained by inequalities in mothers’ time and monetary resources, but not in the United Kingdom, where less-educated mothers disproportionately work in short part-time jobs. For fathers, education is associated with parenting time in Denmark, and particularly in Spain, while the wife’s resources substantially drive these associations. On weekends, the educational gradient in parental care time applies only to Spain and the United Kingdom, two countries with particularly large inequalities in parents’ opportunities to engage in parenting. The study shows country variations in educational inequalities in parenting, suggesting that socioeconomic resources, especially from mothers, shape important educational differences in parenting involvement.

Keywords: parenting, time use, inequality, cross-national research

Suggested Citation

Gracia, Pablo and Ghysels, Joris, Educational Differences in Parental Care Time: A Study on Belgium, Denmark, Spain, and the United Kingdom (August 24, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2817144 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2817144

Pablo Gracia (Contact Author)

Trinity College Dublin ( email )

TCD, College Green Building, Sociology Department
Dublin, Dublin 2
Ireland

Joris Ghysels

Maastricht University - Top Institute for Evidence Based Education Research (TIER) ( email )

Postbus 616
Maastricht, 6200MD
Netherlands

University of Antwerp ( email )

Prinsstraat 13
Antwerpen, Antwerp B-2000
United States

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