Female Labor Participation in the Arab World: Evidence from Panel Data in Morocco

27 Pages Posted: 4 Aug 2016

See all articles by Paolo Verme

Paolo Verme

World Bank Group; University of Turin - Department of Economics

Abdoul Gadiry Barry

World Bank

Jamal Guennouni

High Commission for the Plan of Morocco - Department of Statistics

Date Written: September 2016

Abstract

Female Participation Rates (FPRs) in the Arab world are low compared with the level of economic development of Arab countries. Beyond anecdotal evidence and cross‐country studies, there is very little evidence on what could explain this phenomenon. This paper models FPRs in Morocco using the richest set of panel data available for any Arab country to date. It finds marriage, secondary education, and GDP per capita to lower FPRs. These findings are robust to different estimators, endogeneity tests, specifications of the FPR equations, and sources of data. The explanation seems to reside in the nature of economic growth and gender norms. Economic growth has not generated jobs for women with secondary education and this factor reinforces the institution of marriage as a permanent alternative to work.

Suggested Citation

Verme, Paolo and Barry, Abdoul Gadiry and Guennouni, Jamal, Female Labor Participation in the Arab World: Evidence from Panel Data in Morocco (September 2016). LABOUR, Vol. 30, Issue 3, pp. 258-284, 2016, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2818092 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/labr.12078

Paolo Verme (Contact Author)

World Bank Group ( email )

Washington, DC 20433
United States

University of Turin - Department of Economics ( email )

Via Po, 53
Torino, 10124
Italy

Abdoul Gadiry Barry

World Bank

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Jamal Guennouni

High Commission for the Plan of Morocco - Department of Statistics

Rabat
Morocco

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