Innovation As Clarifications: Lessons from Bat and Ball Sports
Innovation: Management, Policy & Practice, pp. 327-339, Special Sports Section, 2016
20 Pages Posted: 4 Aug 2016 Last revised: 11 Jun 2018
Date Written: August 4, 2016
I suggest that the process of innovation can be understood broadly as comprising clarifications over values and rules. This yields four categories of innovations: progressive, ideational, practicable and prototypical. The basis for this characterization rests in the evolution of cooperative conditions in competition, which is a strong condition for an innovation process that is non-linear and recombinant. When played in teams, sports are, therefore, interesting cases; they also require the consideration of broader social conditions than do traditional markets and are based on tacit or explicit rules, traditions and social preferences. I, therefore, consider the class of bat and ball sports from a broad historical perspective as a case study to adumbrate the idea of innovation as clarifications.
Keywords: innovation, disruptive innovation, rules, values, sport, cricket, baseball
JEL Classification: O31, O35, Z2, Z1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation