On the Dominance of Quantitative Evaluation in ‘Peripheral’ Countries: Auditing Research with Technologies of Distance

22 Pages Posted: 4 Aug 2016  

Ismael Ràfols

Ingenio (CSIC-UPV), Universitat Politècnica de València; Leiden University - Centre for Science and Technology Studies

Jordi Molas-Gallart

Ingenio (CSIC-UPV), Universitat Politècnica de València

Diego Andrés Chavarro

University of Sussex - Science and Technology Policy Research Unit (SPRU)

Nicolas Robinson-Garcia

Ingenio (CSIC-UPV), Universitat Politècnica de València

Date Written: May 28, 2016

Abstract

In the last two decades many countries in the periphery of the science system have developed policies to improve the ‘quality’ of their science. These policies for ‘catching up’ with developed countries include policy instruments based on notions of ‘quality’ or ‘excellence’ – either explicitly or implicitly. An analysis of these policy instruments reveals two observations. First, they are based on quantitative evaluation methods that are implemented in a formulaic and rigid manner. Second, criteria implicit in these quantitative evaluations aim at international excellence and are thus often biased against research related to local perspectives or topics. Here we ask why these rigid quantitative approaches are often adopted in peripheral countries, in spite of the fact that they tend to disadvantage research that matters for local issues.

Keywords: Evaluation, Indicators, Peripheral countries, Trust, Audit

Suggested Citation

Ràfols, Ismael and Molas-Gallart, Jordi and Chavarro, Diego Andrés and Robinson-Garcia, Nicolas, On the Dominance of Quantitative Evaluation in ‘Peripheral’ Countries: Auditing Research with Technologies of Distance (May 28, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2818335 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2818335

Ismael Ràfols (Contact Author)

Ingenio (CSIC-UPV), Universitat Politècnica de València ( email )

Camí de Vera s/n, Edif.8E, Univ.Politec.Valencia
València, País Valencià 46022
Spain

Leiden University - Centre for Science and Technology Studies ( email )

Leiden
Netherlands

Jordi Molas-Gallart

Ingenio (CSIC-UPV), Universitat Politècnica de València ( email )

28006 Madrid
Spain

Diego Andrés Chavarro

University of Sussex - Science and Technology Policy Research Unit (SPRU) ( email )

Mantell Building
Falmer
Brighton BN1 9RH UK, Sussex
United Kingdom

Nicolas Robinson-Garcia

Ingenio (CSIC-UPV), Universitat Politècnica de València ( email )

Camino de Vera s/n, Edif.8E, Univ.Politec.Valencia
Valencia, 46022
Spain

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