U.S. Energy Policy During the 1990s

102 Pages Posted: 3 Sep 2001 Last revised: 6 Dec 2013

See all articles by Paul L. Joskow

Paul L. Joskow

Alfred P. Sloan Foundation; Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics

Date Written: September 2001


This paper discusses U.S. energy policy and the associated evolution of energy supply, energy demand, energy prices and the industrial organization of the domestic energy industries during the period 1991 through 2000. This period covers the last two years of the George H. W. Bush administration and the entire Clinton administration. The paper begins with a background discussion of energy supply, consumption and energy policy prior to the 1990s. It then provides an overview of the evolution of energy markets and energy policy during the 1990s. This discussion is followed by a more detailed discussion of supply, demand and public policies affecting the primary sources of energy supply and demand during the 1990s: petroleum, natural gas, electricity, coal, nuclear energy, renewable energy and energy efficiency.

Suggested Citation

Joskow, Paul L., U.S. Energy Policy During the 1990s (September 2001). NBER Working Paper No. w8454, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=281859

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